Pollination is the process of plant breeding. It is the act of transferring pollen grains from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma. Thus making possible the production of seeds and fruits.

Types of pollination

  1. Anemophily: It is the most common form of abiotic pollination, it is pollination by wind. The flowers that are pollinated by wind, and takes place in trees such as oak, willow, beech or alder.
  2. Hyrdophily: It is the pollination by water and it occurs in aquatic plants as they release pollens directly into the surrounding water medium. Not all aquatic plants are pollinated by water, most of them bear flowers above the water surface and are pollinated by wind or insects.
  3. Zoophily: It is performed by vertebrates like birds and bats. Plants that get pollinated by bats and moths are usually have white petals and a strong scent.

 

Bees

Nowadays, there are around 20 000 bees species that are responsible for fertilizing flowers and plants. Bees are effective and beneficial beings for ecosystems, both flora and fauna. Since they constitute 80% of the world pollination. The work of these little insects goes beyond pollinating and making honey, thus the contribution in economic terms is really substantive given that one third of the world’s agriculture is directly benefited.

Great benefits from small insects

 

Bees fulfill two important functions in ecosystems, they are part of food production and they are also vital for biodiversity. Hence, the need to promote and support their sustainable upbringing; It is  important to create favorable habitats, control pests naturally and use ecological products for their preservation.

Let’s help them!

Over the last several decades, we have seen a massive decline of bees, which is worrying, if we think the consequences this may lead to long term. So, we must minimize the use of pesticides and in this way not affect the bees. Finally, we can contribute to the conservation of protected natural areas where bees can live without the effects caused by human activity.

Daniela Parra 
Digital Content Analyst